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Bor İçeriği Yüksek Sulama Sularının Fesleğen (Ocimum Basilicum L.) Bitki Özelliklerine Etkisi
(Effects of High Boron Containing Irrigation Waters on Plant Characteristics of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.) )

Author : İsmail TAŞ  Fatma ÖZKAY Tugba YETER Ceren GÖRGİŞEN Belgin COŞGE  
Type :
Printing Year : 2016
Number : 2016-3
Page : 46-54


Summary
Suya olan talep her geçen yıl katlanarak artmaktadır. Buna karşılık su kaynakları hem nitelik hem de nicelik açsından bozulmaktadır. Diğer sektörlerin karşılanabilmesi için tarımsal üretimde kullanılan temiz suyun oranı gün geçtikçe azalmaktadır. Sürdürülebilir bir tarımsal üretim için düşük kalite olarak değerlendirilen su kaynaklarının tarımsal sulama amaçlı olarak kullanımının sağlanması zorunludur. Türkiye gibi bor elementi bakımından zengin ülkelerin özellikle maden yatakları civarındaki yeraltı ve yerüstü su kaynaklarında yüksek oranda bor elementi bulunabilmektedir. Söz konusu bu kaynakların değerlendirilmesi son derece önemlidir. Yapılan bu çalışmada, tıbbi ve aromatik bitkilerden Fesleğenin sulamasında farklı bor içeriğine sahip sulama suları kullanılmıştır. Ardışık iki hasat (biçim) alındıktan sonra çalışma sonlandırılmıştır. İlk biçimde bitki yaşa ağırlığı 44—89.5 g/saksı arasında değişirken bitki boyları 32.5-44 cm arasında değişim göstermiştir. İkinci biçimde ise yaş ağırlık 43-59 g/saksı ve bitki boyu 31.8-35.5 cm arasında değişim göstermiştir. Ayrıca, toprağın EC, pH, ESP, Na, Ca, Mg, K, B, HCO3, Cl ve SO4 ve bitkide de Na, Ca, Mg, K, B, N, P, K ve Cl iyon içeriğinde istatistiksel olarak %5 önem düzeyinde anlamlı değişimler belirlenmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Sulama Suyu Kalitesi, Bor, Fesleğen

Abstract
Despite ever increasing demands, water resources are both rapidly depleting and their qualities are spoiled up continuously. The ratio of fresh water used in agriculture is decreasing in each day against the increasing demands of the other sectors. For a sustainable agricultural production, low quality waters should be considered to be used in agricultural irrigations. Turkey is highly rich in boron reservoirs. Ground and surface water resources around these reservoirs are contaminated with boron compounds. Use of these sources is a highly significant issue for efficient use of limited water resources. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of boron-containing irrigation waters plant characteristics of basil. Irrigation waters containing 0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 ppm boron were used in experiments and two harvests were taken. In the first harvest, plant fresh weights varied between 44-89.5 g/pot and plant heights varied between 32.5-44 cm. In the second harvest, plant fresh weights varied between 43-59 g/pot and plant heights between 31.8-35.5 cm. Differences in soil EC, pH, ESP, Na, Ca, Mg, K, B, HCO3, Cl and SO4 contents and plant Na, Ca, Mg, K, B, N, P, K and Cl contents were found to be significant at 5% significance level.

Keywords
Irrigation Water Quality, Boron, Basil

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