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Nohut Yanıklık Etmeni Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labr.’ya Karşı Bazı Nohut Genotiplerinin Reaksiyonlarının Belirlenmesi
(Reaction of Chickpea Genotypes against Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labr. Causal Agent of Ascochyta blight Disease )

Author : Meral AKALIN  Yusuf YANAR Cevdet AKDAĞ  
Type :
Printing Year : 2011
Number : 2011-1
Page : 21-26


Summary
Bu çalışma 47 nohut genotipi ve 3 nohut çeşidinin Ascochyta yanıklık hastalığına karşı reaksiyonlarını belirlemek amacıyla, 2004 ve 2005 yılları tarla koşullarında yürütülmüştür. Çalışma tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre üç tekerrürlü olarak yapılmıştır. 2004 yılında iklim koşullarına bağlı olarak deneme alanında hastalık gelişimi gerçekleşmemiştir. Fakat 2005 yılında yoğun bir enfeksiyon gerçekleşmiş ve kontrol olarak kullanılan Canıtez-87 tamamen ölmüştür. Çalışmada kullanılan genotipler arasında hastalık şiddeti bakımından önemli farklılıklar oluşmuştur. Ortalama hastalık şiddeti 1 ile 9 arasında değişmiştir. Değerlendirmeye alınan 47 genotipten 8 tanesinde hastalık şiddeti 9 olmuştur. Diğer taraftan 36 genotip ise farklı düzeylerde hastalığa karşı dayanıklılık göstermiştir. En düşük hastalık şiddeti F98-228C, F94-90C, F95-51C, F97-227C, F97-227C, F97-132C genotiplerinde 1,0 ve F98-229C ile F98-230C genotiplerinde ise 1,7 skala değerleri elde edilmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Nohut, Ascochyta yanıklığı, Ascochyta rabiei

Abstract
This study was carried out to determine the reaction of chickpea genotypes against Ascochyta blight disease under field conditions in 2004 and 2005. Experimental design was randomized blok design with three replication. The disease was not observed in 2004 growing season due to unfavorable weather conditions for the disease development. On the other hand, the blight severity and intensity were higher in 2005 growing season. In 2005, susceptible cultivar Canitez-87 completely was killed. The disease severity was significantly different among the genotypes tested. Disease severity of the genotypes were varied between 1 and 9 severity scala. Eight of fifty genotypes exhibited disease severity of 9. On the other hand, 36 genotypes showed different level of resistance to A. rabiei. Lower disease severities were obtained in F98-228C (1.0), F94-90C (1.0), F95-51C (1.0), F97-227C (1.0), F97-227C (1.0), F97-132C (1.0), F98-229C (1.7) ve F98-230C (1.7) genotypes.

Keywords
Chickpea, Ascochyta blight, Ascochyta rabiei

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