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Kayseri İli Tarım Makinaları İmalat Sanayisinin Mevcut Durumu ve Sorunları
(Present Status and Problems of Agricultural Tool and Machinery Manufacturing Industry in Kayseri Province )

Author : Cevdet SAĞLAM  Necati ÇETİN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2016
Number : 2016-Ek Sayı
Page : 117-125


Summary
Bu çalışmada, Kayseri yöresinde bulunan tarım makinaları imalat sanayisinin üretim durumunu ve sorunlarını belirlemek amacıyla bir anket çalışması yürütülmüştür. Çalışmada imalatçılarla yüz yüze yapılan görüşmede; makina teçhizat varlığı, mevcut üretim ve teknik kapasitesi, enerji tüketimi, üretim şekli, pazarlama imkânları, yapısal özellikleri ve karşılaştıkları başlıca sorunlar ele alınmıştır. Sonuç olarak, imalatçı firmaların mevcut üretim durumunun yörenin ihtiyaç duyduğu tarım makinası gereksinimini yeterli düzeyde karşılayamadığı, imalat işlemlerinde kullandıkları hammadde ve malzemeleri genellikle çevre illerden temin ettikleri, destekleme ve hibe konusunda yeterli bilgiye sahip olmadıkları tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca, imalatçı firmaların üretim işlemleri için yeterli düzeyde ve sayıda kalifiye eleman bulamadıkları, belirli ve sınırlı sayıda makina tipini ürettiği belirlenmiştir. Yörenin tarımsal üretim potansiyeli dikkate alındığında, teknik kapasitesi yeterli olan firmaların, imal edilen makina türü ve sayısını artırması gerekmektedir. Bu amaçla,dışardan yetişmiş elemanların teknik bilgi ve beceri yönünden eğitilmeleri, bununla birlikte firmaların girişimci ve yenilikçi yönlerini geliştirebilmeleri için bilgilendirilme yapılarakteşvik edilmesi gerekmektedir.

Turkish Keywords
İmalat, Kayseri, makinateçhizat varlığı, tarım makinaları, teknik kapasite

Abstract
A survey study was conducted to investigate the current state of agricultural machinery manufacturing industry in Kayseri province, to assess the production potential and present problems of the industry. Face-to-face interviews were carried out with manufacturers about their machinery-tool assets, current manufacture and technical capacity, energy consumption, type of manufacture, marketing opportunities, structural characteristics and encountered problems. Current findings revealed that present manufacturers were not able to meet the machinery and tool demand of the region, they were supplying production raw materials and other materials generally from surrounding provinces, they didn’t have sufficiently information and knowledge about supports and grants. It was also observed that manufacturing firms did not have sufficient number of qualified employees and produced limited number and type of certain machinery. Considering the agricultural production potential of the region, number of firms with sufficient technical capacity and their product ranges should be improved. Employees should be trained to improve their technical knowledge and experiences. Besides, innovative and entrepreneur aspects of the firms should be developed and they should be informed and supported on these issues.

Keywords
Manufacturing, Kayseri, Agricultural machinery, machinery-tool assets,technical capacity

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