English Türkçe

Quick Access


Bu Dergi DOI ve Crosscheck üyesidir


ÇayFabrikası Atıklarınının Peletlenmesi ve Pelet Fiziksel Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi
(Pelleting of the Tea Factory Wastes and Determination of Pellet Physical Properties )

Author : Sefai BİLGİN  Abdülkadir KOÇER Hasan YILMAZ Mustafa ACAR Mahmut DOK  
Type :
Printing Year : 2016
Number : 2016-Ek Sayı
Page : 70-80


Summary
Çalışmada, çay fabrikası artıkları katı yakıt olarak kullanılmak üzere peletlenmiştir. Öğütülmüş çay atıkları, %12.68 nem içeriğinde ve 0.62 mm geometrik ortalama çapında ve laboratuvar ölçekli 3 kW güçlü pelet makinesinde çevre şartlarında peletlenmiştir. Peletlerin kalitesi ile ilgili fiziksel özellikleri olarak hacim yoğunluğu, parça yoğunluğu, mekanik dayanıklılık direnci, darbe dayanım direnci, basınç direnci ve nem alma durumu belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca çalışmada, pelet makinesinin kapasitesi ölçülmüştür. Fiziksel testler öncesinde peletler 7 gün süre ile 24 ?C sıcaklık ve %55 bağıl nem şartlarında bekletilmiştir.Çalışma sonunda, ortalama 6.1 mm çapında, 23.5 mm uzunluğunda ve kütlesi 0.8 g peletler elde edilmiştir. Çay peletlerinin hacim ve parça yoğunluğu 601 kg m 3 ve1158 kg m-3, mekanik dayanıklılık direnci %81 ve basınç direnci 476 N bulunmuştur.Peletlerin nem alma direnci ortam sıcaklığı ve nemine bağlı olarak değişmiştir. Peletler düşük sıcaklık ve bağıl nem koşullarında nem kaybetmiştir. Çay peletlerinin fiziksel testler sonucu sağlam yapıda olduğu görülmüştür. Pelet makinesinin kapasitesi 46 kg h-1 olarak bulunmuştur.

Turkish Keywords
Biyokütle, çay atıkları, pelet

Abstract
In this study, the tea factory wastes were pelleted for the utilization as a solid fuel. The moisture content and geometric mean diameter of ground tea wastes were 12.68% and 0.62 mm, respectively. A laboratory-scale pelleting machine with an electrical motor powers of 3 kWwas used for pelleting of raw material.Physical properties related to pellet quality such as bulk density, particle density, durability, compressive resistance and moisture sorption of pellets were determined. Also, the average capacity of the pelleting machine was measured. Thepellets were storedunder ambient conditions of 24 °C temperature and 55% relative humidity during 7 days before testing.At the end of study, the average diameter, length and mass of the pellets were6.1 mm, 23.5 mm and 0.8 g, respectively. The average bulk density, particle density, durability and compressive resistance of pellets were found as 601 kg m-3, 1158 kg m-3, 81% and 476 N, respectively.Moisture content of pellets were decreased at low temperature and relative humidity conditions.As a result, physical tests showed that produced pellets were strong.The average pellet production capacity of the pelleting machine was found to be 46 kg h-1.

Keywords
Biomass, tea waste, pellet

Advanced Search


Announcements















    [JAFAG] Yeni Sayımız Basılmıştır JAFAG, 34 (2)

    [JAFAG] New Issue Published JAFAG, 34 (2)



    Call for papers

    To Researcher:

    I am delighted to invite you to disseminate your research findings in Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University (JAFAG).  I wish to publish original research articles in agricultural sciences. In our journal: rapid manuscript publication and peer review process with online manuscript submission system, quick access of your research results to global audience  with open access system.

    I hope you will contribute your article for publication in JAFAG and thanking you in advance.


    AIMS and SCOPE

    Journal of Agricultural Faculty is scientific, peer reviewed journal and belonged to the Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Agriculture since 1985. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University aims to publish the national and international scientific paper on agriculture sciences (agricultural economics, animal science, biosystems engineering, field crops, fisheries engineering, horticulture, plant protection, soil science and plant nutrition). The journal is published the third issues in a year from 2014.


    Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University (JAFAG)

    Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University (JAFAG) is an international peer-reviewed journal and belonged to the Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Agriculture since 1985.

    The journal is open access.

    The journal has both online and printed publishing.

    The journal has a manuscript submisson system.

    There are no page charges.


    INDEXING

    ACADEMIC JOURNALS DATABASE

    AGRICOLA

    ARASTIRMAX

    CAB ABSTRACTS

    CROSSREF

    DIRECTORY OF SCIENCE

    DOAJ (DIRECTORY OF OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS)

    DRJI (DIRECTORY OF RESEARCH JOURNAL INDEXING)

    EBSCO

    EFITA (INTERNATIONAL DIRECTORY OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND THE ENVIRONMENT)

    ELECTRONIC JOURNALS LIBRARY

    FAO- AGRIS

    GENAMICS JOURNALSEEK

    GLOBAL IMPACT AND QUALITY FACTOR

    GOOGLE SCHOLAR

    INDEX COPERNICUS

    JOURNAL INDEX

    JOUR INFORMATICS

    OPEN ACCESS LIBRARY

    OPEN J-GATE

    RESEARCH BIBLE

    ROAD (DIRECTORY OF OPEN ACCESS SCHOLARLY  RESOURCES)

    SIS (SCIENTIFIC INDEXING SERVICE)

    SCIENCE CENTRAL

    THE GROVE ONLINE LIBRARY

    TUBITAK-ULAKBIM

    ULRICHSWEB

    WORLDCAT


    [JAFAG] New Issue Published JAFAG, 34 (2)

    Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University, JAFAG has just published its latest issue (Vol 34, No 2, 2017, JAFAG) at http://ziraatdergi.gop.edu.tr.

    ICV Impact Factor: 4.95 (2012) - 5.94 (2013) - 70.06 (2016)

    We invite you to review the Contents here and then visit journal web site to review articles.

    Thanks for the continuing interest in our work in journal.



Address :Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Yayın Ünitesi, Tokat-TÜRKİYE / Adress:Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University Publishing Unit, Tokat, TURKEY
Telephone :03562521616-2178 / Telephone: +90 356 252 16 16- 2 Fax :03562521488 / Fax:+90 356 252 14 88
Email :ziraatdergi@gop.edu.tr/ e-mail: ziraatdergi@gop.edu.tr

Web Yazılım & Programlama Han Yazılım Bilişim Hizmetleri