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Samsun ili Çarşamba ilçesinde buğday üretiminde enerji girdi-çıktı analizi
(An input-output energy analysis in wheat production in Çarşamba district of Samsun province )

Author : Taner YILDIZ    
Type :
Printing Year : 2016
Number : 2016-3
Page : 10-20


Summary
Bu çalışmanın amacı, Samsun ili Çarşamba ilçesindeki buğday üretiminde enerji kullanım etkinliğinin belirlenmesidir. Aynı zamanda bu çalışmada, buğday üretim masrafları ve karlılığının da analiz edilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma, 54 buğday üreticisine anket uygulanarak yürütülmüştür. İşletmeler rastgele örnekleme metoduna göre seçilmiştir. Buğday üretiminde, toplam enerji tüketimi 35737.13 MJ ha-1 bulunmuştur. En yüksek enerji girdisi, diesel yakıtı olarak (%44.61) olarak belirlenmiştir. Başta nitrojen olmak üzere, diesel yakıtını kimyasal gübreler (%23.54), sulama suyu (%10.58), tohum (%10.11), makinalar (%9.86), kimyasal ilaçlar (%0.92) ve insan iş gücü (%0.38) izlemiştir. Çıktı enerjisi 84427.33 MJ ha-1 olarak hesaplamıştır. Enerji kullanım etkinliği, özgül energy, enerji verimliliği ve net enerji değerleri sırasıyla 2.36, 8.96 kg MJ-1, 0.112 kg MJ-1 ve 48690.20 MJ ha-1 olarak belirlenmiştir. Kar-masraf oranı 0.64 bulunmuştur.

Turkish Keywords
Enerji eş değeri, enerji kullanımı, girdi-çıktı analizi, buğday, ekonomik analiz

Abstract
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency of energy use in wheat production in Çarşamba District of Samsun Province. In this study also aimed to analyse the wheat production costs and the profitability. The study was carried out in 54 wheat producers using a questionnaire. The farms were chosen by random sampling method. Total energy consumption in wheat production was found 35737.13 MJ ha-1. The highest input energy item was determined as diesel (44.61%). Chemical fertilizers (23.54%) mainly nitrogen, water for irrigation (10.58%), seed (10.11%), machinery (9.86%), chemicals (0.92%) and labor (0.38%) followed the diesel. Energy output was calculated as 84427.33 MJ ha-1. Energy use efficiency, spesific energy, energy productivity and net energy for wheat production were determinated 2.36, 8.96 kg MJ-1, 0.112 kg MJ-1 and 48690.20 MJ ha-1, respectively. The benefit-cost ratio was found to be 0.64.

Keywords
Energy equivalent; energy use; input–output analysis; wheat; economic analysis

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