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Silajlık Mısır Çeşitlerinin Verim ve Kalitesine Çinko Gübrelemesinin Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi
(Determination of the Effects of Zinc Fertilization on Yield and Quality of Silage Corn Varieties )

Author : Halil ERDEM  -  
Type :
Printing Year : 2011
Number : 2011-2
Page : 199-206


Summary
Çinko (Zn) noksanlığı bitki, insan ve hayvanda sorunlara neden olan yaygın bir mikro element noksanlığıdır. Çinko noksanlığında bitkide verim ve bitkisel ürünlerin besleme kalitesinde düşüşler görülmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Tokat yöresinde tarla koşullarında çinko uygulamasının 10 farklı mısır çeşidinde bitki kuru madde, silaj verimi ve yeşil aksam Zn, protein, fosfor ve potasyum konsantrasyonları üzerine olan etkisi araştırılmıştır. Araştırma, tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre 3 tekerrürlü olarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Denemede Zn dozu olarak 0 ve 3 kg ZnSO4.7H2O şeklinde Zn gübrelemesi yapılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre Zn gübrelemesi ile mısır çeşitlerinin kuru madde verimlerinde ve silaj verimlerinde önemli artışların olduğu (P<0.01) ve bu artış ortalama olarak kuru madde veriminde 191 g bitki-1’ den Zn uygulaması ile 231 g bitki-1’e, silaj veriminde ise bu değerler 9.0 ton da-1’dan 10.2 ton da-1’a çıkmıştır. Çinko uygulaması ile sadece denemede kullanılan çeşitlerin verimlerinde artış olmamış aynı zamanda bitkilerin yeşil aksam Zn ve protein konsantrasyonlarında da önemli artışlar meydana getirmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
çinko, gübreleme, silajlık mısır, kuru madde, silaj verimi

Abstract
Zinc deficiency which induces problems in plants, human, and animals is the most commonly occurring micronutrient disorder. Crop production and nutritional quality of edible parts of crops are decreased by Zn deficiency. In this field study, the effects of zinc application on dry matter and silage yields, silage Zn, protein, phosphorus and potassium concentrations of ten different corn varieties were investigated in Tokat regions. Zinc application rates were 0 and 3 kg ZnSO4.7H2O respectively. The dry matter and silage yield of all corn varieties were significant increased (P<0.01). The average dry matter yield was increased from 191 g plant-1 in –Zn conditions to 231 g plant-1 with +Zn conditions and silage yield was increased from 90 t ha-1 to 102 t ha-1 with Zn application. Zinc application not only increased the dry matter and silage yields of varieties used in the experiment but also gave rise to substantial increases in the concentrations of zinc and protein contents in green parts of the plants.

Keywords
zinc, fertilization, corn silage, dry matter, silage yield, quality

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