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Bazı biber hat ve çeşitlerinin kontrollü şartlar altında Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 ve Meloidogyne javanica (Treub, 1885) Chitwood, 1949’ya karşı reaksiyonları
(Reactions of Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 and Meloidogyne javanica (Treub, 1885) Chitwood, 1949 against some pepper lines and varieties in controlled conditions )

Author : Betül GÜRKAN  Zekeriya KANTARCI Kerim KARATAŞ Tolga GÜRKAN Ramazan ÇETİNTAŞ  
Type :
Printing Year : 2018
Number : 2018-2
Page : 111-118


Summary
Birçok sebzede verim ve kaliteyi olumsuz yönde etkileyen Kök-ur nematodları biberde de önemli zararlar oluşturmaktadır. Bu zararlılarla mücadelede kullanılan kimyasalların, çevreye ve insan sağlığına yapmış olduğu olumsuz etkiler, mücadelede alternatif kontrol yaklaşımlarından biri olan dayanıklı çeşitlerin kullanımı seçeneğini önemli kılmaktadır. Dayanıklı çeşit kullanımının ekonomik ve çevreye duyarlı olması, nematodlarla mücadelede bu yöntemi cazip hale getirmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Poliakrilamid jel elektroforez (PAGE) ve morfolojik karakterlerden biri olan anal kesit yöntemi ile tür teşhisi yapılan Meloidogyne incognita ırk1 ve Meloidogyne javanica’ya karşı, baharat yapımına uygun bazı kırmızıbiber hat ve çeşitlerinin reaksiyonları incelenmiştir. Kuzey Karolina Konukçu Testine göre ırk belirlemesi yapılan nematodlar çalışmada kullanılmıştır. Reaksiyon çalışması, tesadüf parselleri deneme desenine göre 4 tekerrürlü olacak şekilde yürütülmüştür. Denemede toplam 16 hat ve 2 biber çeşidi kullanılmıştır. Yumurta kümesi-reaksiyon skalasına (0-5) göre reaksiyonuna bakılan hat ve çeşitlerin tümü M. javanica’ya karşı dayanıklı, M. incognita ırk1’e karşı ise hassas bulunmuştur. Kontrol olarak kullanılan dayanıklı CM334 bitkisi 0 (nematodsuz) skala değerini almıştır.

Turkish Keywords
Meloidogyne incognita ırk1, Meloidogyne javanica, Kırmızıbiber, Kök-ur nematodu, Reaksiyon

Abstract
Affecting yield and quality of many vegetable varieties across to the world, root knot nematodes can also cause severe damages on many pepper varieties. The adverse effects of environment and human health triggered by the chemical use makes researchers to find an alternative to this management treatment for nematode control. Use of resistant varieties drove enormous attention as one of important management strategies recently. Use of resistant varieties is a preferable cheap and environmentally friendly method that has a potential to be an alternative to the chemical control methods. In this study, the reactions of some spice production appropriate red pepper varieties and lines against Meloidogyne incognita race 1 and M. javanica were determined. Nematode species confirmation were made by Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (PAGE), and perineal pattern morphology. Race determination of nematodes were made by North Carolina host differential test. The experiment were designed as a randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Total of 16 lines and 2 varieties were used in the study. All lines and varieties were evaluated by egg mass-reaction scale (0-5) index. The study revealed that all lines and varieties of pepper were sensitive to M. incognita race 1, however, were resistant to M. javanica. The resistant control variety, CM334, presented 0 egg mass (no nematode) indices in the study.

Keywords
Meloidogyne incognita race1, Meloidogyne javanica, Reaction, Redpepper, Root knot nematode

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