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Abstract


The Effects of the Different Soil Tillage Systems on Soil Properties, Emergence and Wheat Yield in Sivas Province
In this study, the effects of four different tillage systems (GT: mouldboard plough+ disc harrow+planting; KT1: chisel+ disc harrow+planting; conservational-reduced soil tillage system KT2: rotovator+planting; no till planting AE: no till planter) on soil physical properties, plant emergence characteristics (mean emergence dates, emerged rate index, percentage of emerged seedling) and wheat yield components were investigated at wheat production in Sivas province. The lowest moisture content value was found in KT2 conservational tillage system for 0-15 cm and 15-30 soil depths. The highest soil bulk density and penetration resistance values were found in AE no till planting. According to wheat emergence characteristics; the percentage of emerged seedling for AE, KT1, KT2 and GT tillage systems varied as 85,00%, 71,11%, 83,89% and 87,20%, respectively. The highest percentage of emerged seedling (PE) was found in GT conventional soil tillage system. As a result of this study, the highest wheat yield was found as 330 kg da -1 in GT conventional soil tillage system, whereas, the lowest wheat yield was found as 293 kg da -1 in AE no tillage planting system. For among the soil tillage systems, the plant length, spike numbers per square meter and the kernel weight per spike were higher in KT2 conservational reduced tillage system than AE and KT1 soil tillage systems.

Keywords
Wheat, tillage systems, soil properties, percentage of emerged, yield


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