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Abstract


Determining In Rangelands The Effects of Planting Protection and Fertilization on Soil Properties, Moisture Conservation and Soil Losses
For a sound range management, it is essential to know how plant growth and yield are related to soil water storage and ecosystem degradation. This study was conducted to analyze the effect of treatments; fertilized, planted, and not grazed (A), planted and not grazed (B), not grazed (C), and grazed (D) on erosion, soil properties, soil penetration, botanical composition and pasture quality in degraded rangelands. The greatest water accumulation occurred in treatment D where the plant growth was minimum due to grazing, and the greatest soil compaction occurred in this treatment. The lowest compaction occurred in treatment A. All issues when evaluated in conjunction 2004 to 2012 between applications, depending on the soil of the salt, pH, lime, phosphorus, potassium and organic matter levels to changing climatic conditions, vegetation and fertilizer application, depending on a number of changes occurred said.Number of species was 47, 57, 53, and 32 in treatments A, B, C, and D, respectively. Fertilizer application decreased diversity in plant composition, while it increased pasture quality, increasing the number for species of Fabaceae and Graminea. The greatest plant cover and hay yield occurred in treatment A. Results showed that conservation and fertilization can increase pasture quality and hay yield in the conditions studied. Research can be measured during the study in place until the parcel of land loss has occurred.

Keywords
Rangeland, Pasture Quality, Soil Properties, Soil Penetration, Sivas


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