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Abstract


The Effect of Double Grafting at The Same Time on Grafting Success and Sapling Development in Production of Pear Sapling with Interstock
In this study, the effects of two different scion length and double grafting at the same time on production of Williams pear tree which was grafted on Beurre Hardy interstock that was grafted on Quince-A rootstock were investigated. However, effect of interstock length and some chemical treatments on tree quality were determined. The grafting success rate, tree height, lateral branch number, lateral branch angel, leaf number and leaf area with shoot diameter of rootstock, interstock and the shoot of scion were investigated. The grafting success rate was 83% in 15 cm interstock length and 79% in 30 cm interstock length. The tree height was found higher in 15 cm interstock length (97.57 cm) than 30 cm interstock length (93.64 cm). The mean of lateral branch number, the 15 cm interstock (0.42 branch/ tree) and treatments such as 250 ppm IBA+750 ppm promalin (0.87 branch/ tree), 250 ppm IBA + 750 ppm promalin + % 3 urea (0.73 branch/ tree) and 250 ppm IBA + %3 urea (0.53 branch/ tree) were found higher than the other interstock length and treatments. According to the lateral branch length, the highest values was measured in 30 cm interstock length (23.02 cm) and 250 ppm IBA + 750 ppm promalin (21.93 cm) with 250 ppm IBA + %3 urea (16.90 cm) treatments. Consequently, a year was saved in the production of pear tree by carrying out both interstock and scion grafting in the same year.

Keywords
Interstock,Beurre Hardy, Quince A, Tree Development, Williams


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