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Abstract


Genetic Characterization of Some Apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) Genotypes Based on SSRs (Simple Sequence Repeats)
Turkey has a rich apple genetic diversity besides its area and production potential. However, there is a kind of confusion arising from different naming and variety variations. For this reason, some old apple varieties which are not used in cultivation face the danger of disapperance. However, it seems that characterization of the fruit species are based on the morphological characteristics and the studies carried out at the DNA level remain limited to define the plant gene sources in our country. In this study, 35 domestic and 2 reference apple genotypes from the "Atatürk Horticultural Research Institute-Yalova" apple collection were identified using 17 SSR (Simple SequenceRepeats) markers in order to reduce the mentioned negativity. Homologous status was determined in Tavşanbaşı, Tokat, Yaz Elması and Demir groups while similar and synonymous genotypes were not found in the obtained data. The CH01d08 locus was found to be the locus with the highest probability of identification, while the highest similarity rate between genotypes was found to be 94%. The SSR data obtained from this work will provide preliminary data for future work of apple germplasm. Moreover, the obtained data will contribute to plant genetics, plant breeding (identification of genetic similarities of parents to be used in combination breeding, detection of parent-hybrid possible relationships in existing varieties) and plant growing.

Keywords
Apple (Malus domestica), SSR, molecular characterization, Turkey


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