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1.0 Abstract This study examined economics of maize (Zea mays) production in Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. The specific objective were to: examine the socio-economic characteristics of sampled maize farmers in the study area; evaluate the costs and returns of maize production in the study area; identify the factors influencing gross income of maize farmers in the study area; examine the major constraints and recommend solutions to problems encountered in maize production in the study area. Primary data were used for this study. Data were collected using structured questionnaire. A simple random sampling technique was adopted to select one hundred (100) maize farmers in the study area. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, farmers budgeting technique, financial analysis, and multiple regression technique. The Z-test was used to confirm the hypothesis stated. The results show that 64% of sampled maize farmers were within the age bracket of 20-40 years. The mean age of maize farmers was 37 years. About 79% of the sampled maize farmers had formal education, and are literate. The analysis of farm budgetary technique shows that maize production in the study area is profitable with a gross margin of N64,000, and net farm income (NFI) of N63,200.The coefficient of gross ratio was 0.47; this implies that 47% of gross income of maize went to off-set total farm costs. Returns on naira investment (RNI) was 2.11. This implies that for every N1.00 invested by farmers in maize production, N2.11K is their profit. The results of multiple regression analysis shows that the coefficients of land (area planted), hired labour; family labour; expenses on seeds, chemical and insecticide; fertilizer inputs and income from other enterprises were positive and significant at P<0.01. The coefficient of multiple determinations (R2) of 0.889 revealed that 88.9% of the variations in the gross income of maize farmers were explained by the explanatory variables included in the model. The F-value was 630.16; this confirmed the joint effects of the explanatory variables included in the model on the dependent variable. Inadequate capital; high costs of fertilizer and other farm inputs; bad road; high cost of labour; and poor storage facilities were identified as a major production constraints encountered by maize farmers. This study recommends that farmers are encouraged to form cooperative societies to enhance bulk purchase of input which will reduce input cost and ensure timely supply of farm inputs.

Keywords
Maize(Zea mays) Production, Kaduna State, Nigeria.


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