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Abstract


The Comparision Of Economic Aspect Of Different Tillage Methods İn Kazova Region
Tillage methods of according to climate characteristics of Tokat province Kazova region which located passage climate zone have been made an economical comparision in wheat-sunflower rotations. The study was carried out with 3 replications in randomized blocks trial design between 2011 and 2014 in Middle Black Sea Transitional Zone Agricultural Research Institute. This study soil tillage as method; T1: Plow + disc harrow + bowed cultivator + seeder, T2: Chisel + disc harrow + seeder, T3: Rototiller + seeder and T4: The direct seeding. As a result of the economic analysis, the traditional tillage method in the sunflower and the direct seeding method in wheat have been the most profitable methods. Gross profit in wheat was found to be 957.78 TL / ha for T4 as highest and 743.31 TL / ha for T1 as lowest. The highest gross profit in the sunflower was obtaiened 1411.16 TL / ha for T1 and the lowest gross profit 1013.46 TL / ha for T4 (direct planting). The direct seeding method is the latest row as gross profit in the sunflower. In direct sowing method, the use of herbicide due to weed problem increased the input cost and reduced the yield. The method will be more profitable when the weed problem is solved in direct seeding. At result of this study, it can be seen that can be used direct planting in the wheat and reduced tillage systems in the sunflower as suitable method due to labor and energy decreases when the field traffic decreases.

Keywords
Wheat, sunflower, reduced tillage, direct seeding.


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