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Abstract


Effects of Soil Solarization on Sclerotia Viability of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) De Bary Under Tokat Climatical Conditions
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) De Bary, the causal agent of white mold, stem and fruit rot diseases of different plant species has caused serious damage to cucumber grown in greenhouses in Tokat. Control of this disease with chemical is difficult. The possibility of controlling S. sclerotiorum by using soil solarization during the months of July and August was examined. The soil was covered with transparent polyethylene sheets for six weeks. Treatments included un treated control,solarization, poultry manure and solarization incombination with poultry manure. Effects of these treatments on sclerotial viability of S. sclerotiorum were evaluated at four different soil depth (0, 2, 5, 10 cm). Mean soil temperatures in solarized plots recorded at 0, 2, 5 and 10 cm depth were 45.73, 44.80, 40.53 and 36.38 0C respectively. These temperatures were about 10 0C higher than temperatures recorded in non-solarized plots. Viabitiy of sclerotia recovered from solarized plots was significantly different than the sclerotia recovered from non-solarized plots (P=0.05). Mean sclerotial viability changed between 90-100% in non-solarized plots while all the sclerotia recovered from solarized plots were lost their viability. There was not any significan difference between solarization and solarization+poultry manure treatments. From these results it was concluded that solarization can be an effective control method of S. sclerotiorum under greenhouse conditions in Tokat.

Keywords
Soil solarization, White mold, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Tokat (Turkey)


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