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Abstract


Effects of Different Leaching Fractions on Growth of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and Its Mineral Composition
In this study, effects of different leaching fractions on soil salinity and its mineral composition were investigated. Additionally, fresh bean yield and mineral matter accumulation in its leaf shoot and fruit were determined. The experiment conducted in randomized plot design with 4 leaching treatments (LF1= 0.00, LF2= 0.15, LF3= 0.30 and LF4= 0.50) and leaching exhibited with each irrigation throughout the experiment. Saline irrigation water at 2.5 dS m-1 level prepared with CaCl2 and NaCl salts were used to irrigate bean plants. Fresh bean yield increased as leaching fraction increased to 0.30 leaching ratio while soil salinity decreased with increasing leaching fraction. Fresh bean yields for LF1, LF2, LF3 and LF4 were 78.0, 114.9, 141.6 and 127.0 g pot-1, respectively. Soil salinity increased 3.4, 2.0, 1.7 and 1.2 times with respect to irrigation water salinity level for LF1, LF2, LF3 and LF4, respectively. Mg/Ca ratio in saturation paste extract decreased with increasing leaching ratios. Increased leaching ratios caused increases in P content of shoot and fruit and decreases in Ca and Mg content of shoot and decreases in both shoot and fruit of N content.

Keywords
Leaching fraction, salinity, fresh bean, plant nutrition


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