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Summary


Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae)’in Laboratuvar Koşullarında Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisduval (Acari: Tetranychidae)’u Tüketim Kapasitesi ve Bazı Akarisitlerin Bu İki Tür Üzerine Etkileri
Samsun’da hıyar ve fasulye bitkileri üzerinden toplanılarak elde edilen Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae)’in bir ergin dişi bireyinin, Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisduval (Acari: Tetranychidae)’u tüketim kapasitesi laboratuvar koşullarında araştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla hücre kültürü yönteminden yararlanılmıştır. Ayrıca Samsun’da T. cinnabarinus mücadelesinde yaygın olarak kullanılan dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane), hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin) ve tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC)’nin P. persimilis ve T. cinnabarinus’a etkileri ile, bu iki tür için LC50 ve LC90 değerleri de belirlenmiştir. Akarisitlerin etkinlik ve LC değerleri daldırma yöntemi ile saptanmıştır. Çalışmada P. persimilis’in T. cinnabarinus’u tüketim kapasitesi 22.62±0.98 larva/gün, 16.57±0.3 deutonimf/gün, 4.50±0.13 ergin dişi/gün ve 20.47±0.12 erkek/gün olarak tespit edilmiştir. P. persimilis ve T. cinnabarinus’un tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC)’ye, dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane) ve hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin)’den daha hassas oldukları belirlenmiştir. Bu pestisitlerin T. cinnabarinus için LC50 ve LC90 değerleri ise sırası ile dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane)’de, 580.69 mg/lt ve 1028.58 mg/lt, hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin)’de, 667.48 mg/lt ve 1513.47 mg/lt, tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC)’de, 514.69 mg/lt ve 1397.60 mg/lt olarak tespit edilmiştir. P. persimilis’deki LC50 ve LC90 değerleri ise, dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane) için, 15.84 mg/lt ve 157.27 mg/lt, hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin) için, 51.82 mg/lt ve 957.84 mg/lt, tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC) için, 9.46 mg/lt ve 82.73 mg/lt kadardır.

Turkish Keywords
Phytoseiulus persimilis, Tetranychus cinnabarinus, Tüketim Kapasitesi, Akarisit

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