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Abstract


Reactions of Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 and Meloidogyne javanica (Treub, 1885) Chitwood, 1949 against some pepper lines and varieties in controlled conditions
Affecting yield and quality of many vegetable varieties across to the world, root knot nematodes can also cause severe damages on many pepper varieties. The adverse effects of environment and human health triggered by the chemical use makes researchers to find an alternative to this management treatment for nematode control. Use of resistant varieties drove enormous attention as one of important management strategies recently. Use of resistant varieties is a preferable cheap and environmentally friendly method that has a potential to be an alternative to the chemical control methods. In this study, the reactions of some spice production appropriate red pepper varieties and lines against Meloidogyne incognita race 1 and M. javanica were determined. Nematode species confirmation were made by Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (PAGE), and perineal pattern morphology. Race determination of nematodes were made by North Carolina host differential test. The experiment were designed as a randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Total of 16 lines and 2 varieties were used in the study. All lines and varieties were evaluated by egg mass-reaction scale (0-5) index. The study revealed that all lines and varieties of pepper were sensitive to M. incognita race 1, however, were resistant to M. javanica. The resistant control variety, CM334, presented 0 egg mass (no nematode) indices in the study.

Keywords
Meloidogyne incognita race1, Meloidogyne javanica, Reaction, Redpepper, Root knot nematode


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